When I excluded events from my analysis in “Who Killed Steampunk?“, critics said I was overlooking the most thriving part of the steampunk movement. Book sales may be down; blogs and magazines may have closed; Hollywood may have lost interest in the genre, but conventions, some said, are booming.
I’m not much of a convention-goer, so I wouldn’t know. But if conventions and other events are where steampunk lives now, I ought to look into it.
So I did.
A brief recap
My argument is that woke activism has driven people from steampunk who wanted an escape from the modern world. If I’m right, we would expect steampunk events to have been canceled and attendance to be down at the ones that survive.
I’m limiting this analysis to the United States, because that is where steampunk has become political. Most Europeans prefer to keep their hobby free of politics. Britain seems to be somewhere in the middle, which may be due to language or because both English-speaking countries have endured political upsets in recent years that make it hard for the people there to treat anything apolitically.
Several conventions and festivals, some long-running, have been canceled in the last year:
- Aethertopia, Florida: Canceled after one year.
- Fairhaven Steampunk Festival, Washington state: Canceled after seven years.
- Steamposium, Washington state: Canceled after five years.
- Steampunk World’s Fair, New Jersey: Canceled after seven years. (I am aware of the circumstances involved. I’m including this for completeness’ sake.)
- Time Travelers Bazaar, California: Canceled after five years. (Although they’re hoping to revive it next year.)
- Wild West Steam Fest, California: Canceled after five years.
- Wild West Victorian Fest, Texas: Canceled after two (?) years.
It’s hard to find people who did not go to events and ask them why. But I can ask the organizers what they think happened. So I did. I contacted all the American steampunk events listed by SteampunkCons for the last twelve months, including the seven canceled events listed above, and asked them three questions:
- How many people attended your most recent event?
- Was attendance up or down from the year before?
- Why do you think that was?
Nine replied. Eight answered my questions.
- Two said attendance was up.
- Five said attendance was down.
- At one event, attendance was stable.
Only two events reported attendance of more than 1,000.
What organizers said
Of the events that saw attendance fall, organizers gave bad weather and competition from other events as explanations.
Todd Bastin, a librarian who organizes the annual Steampunk Festival in Ohio, told me he has also noticed blogs, magazines and websites disappearing. But he pointed out that new things are happening on Etsy and YouTube and argued that steampunk can still be “a wonderful umbrella and platform to support and embrace a multifaceted event that gets everyone running on all pistons.”
Lauren Grover of Brass Ring Steampunk Academy and Cabaret, Connecticut, said there has definitively been a drop-off in attendance at some events, but she believes that’s due to new dates, new locations and new organizers. “I’m sure that numbers will improve as things settle down and the word get out better.”
Melissa Honig of Watch City Steampunk Festival, Massachusetts, suggested the way in which people engage with steampunk may be changing. “These young whippersnappers aren’t doing steampunk the way we did steampunk harrumph harrumph!” But she still sees a lot of interest.
Anastasia Hunter, formerly of Gaslight Gathering, now of Gaslight Steampunk Expo, California, argued that, “Like all niche fandoms, steampunk has a dedicated fan base and while there are always new people who discover it, there are others who move away.”
Which goes to my fear that steampunk has become less attractive to people who wanted it as a hobby, not a cause.
Hardcore steampunks will remain, but are there enough hardcore steampunks in the world to support a thriving movement?
Perhaps I’m pessimistic. Perhaps the eight events that replied, and the seven events that were canceled, aren’t representative of the whole scene. It is hard to gauge how many people are leaving. Perhaps there have been too many events competing for too few people.
But, if nothing else, my survey suggests the American steampunk movement isn’t gaining any adherents.
I deliberately overstated my case in the original headline. Nobody murdered steampunk. But steampunk, at least in the United States, isn’t doing fine either. It’s worth asking why.
Thanks to the organizers of the Oxnard Steampunk Fest, California; Cogs and Corsets, Illinois; Michigan Steam Expo and Fairhaven Steampunk Festival, Washington state, who also replied to my query. Photo by Martin SoulStealer.